The Democratic Republic of the Congo and five regional States signed the Lusaka Ceasefire Agreement in July 1999. To maintain liaison with the parties and carry out other tasks, the Security Council set up MONUC on 30 November 1999, incorporating UN personnel authorized in earlier resolutions.


Strength Initial authorized strength

  • Military personnel: 16,700*
  • Police personnel: 475**
  • Civilian personnel include specialists in human rights, humanitarian affairs, public information, child protection, political affairs, medical and administrative support

    In addition, on 28 October 2005, the Security Council by its resolution 1635, authorized a temporary increase of 300 personnel in its military strength for the period of the elections. The Council underlined the temporary character of this increase and requested the Secretary-General to take the necessary steps with a view to downsizing or repatriating this additional strength from 1 July 2006 at the latest. On 30 June 2006, the Council, by its resolution 1693, decided to extend this temporary increase until 30 September 2006. Further, on 10 April 2006, the Council, by resolution 1669, authorized a temporary redeployment of a maximum of one infantry battalion, a military hospital and up to 50 military observers from the UN Operation in Burundi to MONUC, until 1 July 2006. On 30 June 2006, the Council, by resolution 1692, extended the authorization contained in resolution 1669.] *In addition, on 22 December 2006, the Council, by its resolution 1736, authorized, from 1 January 2007, until the expiry of MONUC’s than current mandate on 15 February 2007, an increase in the military strength of MONUC of up to 916 military personnel; and to allow for the continued deployment to MONUC of the infantry battalion and the military hospital authorized under the ONUB mandate.

    In addition, on 6 September 2005, the Security Council, by its resolution 1621 (2005), authorized a temporary increase of 841 personnel in the strength of the Mission, including additional police personnel, and up to five formed police units of 125 officers each, for the period of the elections and their immediate aftermath. Underlining the temporary character of such deployment, it requested the Secretary-General to start downsizing or repatriating the additional personnel from 1 July 2006 at the latest. By its resolution 1693, the Council decided to extend until 30 September 2006 the increase in the police strength authorized by resolution 1621.

    In addition, on 20 November 2008, the Security Council, by its resolution 1843 (2008), authorized a temporary increase of MONUC’s authorized military strength by up to 2,785 military personnel, and the strength of its formed police unit by up to 300 personnel; authorized the immediate deployment of those additional capacities until 31 December 2008; and expressed its intention to extend this authorization on the occasion of MONUC’s mandate renewal, underlining that the duration of stay of the additional forces will depend on the security situation in the Kivus.

    Current authorized strength (S/RES/1856 of 22 December 2008)
    Up to 19,815 military personnel, 760 military observers, 391 police and 1,050 personnel of formed police units

    Current strength (31 December 2008)
    18,442 total uniformed personnel, including 16,603 troops, 740 military observers, 1,079 police; 951 international civilian personnel, 2,206 local civilian staff and 595 United Nations Volunteers

    Note: Statistics for international and local civilians are as of 31 October 2008 Contributors of military personnel Algeria, Bangladesh, Belgium, Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Burkina Faso, Canada, China, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, France, Ghana, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Jordan, Kenya, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, Senegal, Serbia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Yemen and Zambia Contributors of police personnel Argentina, Bangladesh, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d’Ivoire, France, Guinea, India, Jordan, Madagascar, Mali, Niger, Romania, Russian Federation, Senegal, Sweden, Togo, Turkey, Ukraine and Yemen Fatalities 89 troops
    9 military observers
    3 UN police
    11 international civilian
    27 local civilian

    139 total