The history of the ABF dates back to 1961 when the Airborne Training School (ATS) was established at old Tamale Airport. The roles assigned to ATS were firstly; to train mil personnel in para jumping techniques and to develop air supply techniques. The first OC was Sqn Ldr Brieley, who along with 3 NCOs were seconded from the Royal Airforce (RAF) as PJIs and QM. On 16 Sep 61, 4 Ghanaian Officers and 9 NCOs were the first to be posted to the school after completing a PJI course in the UK. On 14 Jun 62, the first life para descent in Ghana was conducted at Kumbugu Dropping Zone and about two weeks later a demo in life descent and supply drops were staged at Ghana Military Academy. The dignitaries included the then president of Ghana, Osagyefo Dr Kwame Nkrumah. The first para course was then organised for 3 Officers and 23 men and they passed out 10 Aug 62 after 7 weeks training. With the increase in strength of qualified parachutists (523 by end of Sep 62), on 11 Apr 63 authority was given for the formation of a para Bn. It began with a Coy co-located with the ATS. By 1966, 3 para Coys had been formed and were moved from the old airport to Kaladan Barracks and separated from ATS, though they continued to use the same facilities. In 1969, para Bn moved to Kamina Barracks and ATS was brought under command as a training Coy. With the increasing use of sophisticated surveillance devices to detect troop movement and the need to achieve surprise in battle, countries have experimented with small but highly trained and equipped troops capable of beating most of these surveillance devices and moving fast into op theaters for results. Examples are the marines, legion, commandos and SAS. Officially, this was the reason given by the Government of the Second Republic when the para Bn was disbanded and the Airborne Force (ABF), with a far lesser strength, established on 10 Oct 70. The unit was to specialize in commando and counter terrorist ops. It was re-located to Barwah Barracks and co-located with Airforce. It was also placed under Army HQ for OP con and HQ 2 Bde for Administrative Con. The Establishment order Number Army/1/1 dated 10 Oct 70 was approved for implementation with effect from 15 Jan 71.
To present the Airborne Force
The roles of the ABF can be discussed under 3 headings and these are Operational Role, Parachute Training and Ceremonial/Sports Parachuting.
- Operational Role. All troops of ABF are supposed to be trained as
parachutist and specialized as Commandos to perform the following functions:
- Seize and hold lightly held enemy positions for limited periods or until linkup.
- Raids to disrupt en supply lines or HQs, destroy vital installations or capture individuals.
- Harass and destroy comms.
- Carry out deep recce.
- Track and destroy guerillas or en raiding parties in COIN ops.
- Assist in IS ops (Unit has responsibility for Upper East and West Regions).
- Be prep to supplement the efforts of Infantry Battalions in conventional, warfare.
- Parachute Training. The functions of the unit includes:
- Development of training methods and training equipment.
- Conduct basic para training for personnel of the GAF.
- Organize continuation and refresher for trained parachutists.
- Train PJIs and other auxiliary instructors for basic para
- training, continuation training, airborne assaults and equipment and supply drops.
- Conduct aerial delivery to include free drop of stores and equipment to support troops already inserted by air.
- Train personnel of other units in loading, aircraft drills, Air Transport Liaison Officers duties, Unit Emplaning Officers and Dropping Zone safety Officer’s duties.
- Ceremonial/Sports Parachuting. It include the fol:
- Precision Jumps.
- Delayed Free fall Jumps.
- Sport competitions.
The unit has an operating ORBAT and a proposed one, which should have been approved more than 10 year ago but for the lack of both human and material resources to meet the proposal this proposal has not yet been approved. In 2003, the unit was asked to make another proposal but this is also yet to be approved. The reason however for proposing a new ORBAT is as follows;
- To generally conform to plans to expand the GAF.
- Meet the roles assigned the unit when it was established and the ever-growing task the unit receives from higher HQ